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Daily Trivia - March 27

Births

972 - King Robert I of France (d. 1031)
1416 - Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (d. 1480)
1627 - Stephen Fox, English politician (d. 1716)
1696 - Antoine Court, French Huguenot minister (d. 1760)
1702 - Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (d. 1762)
1712 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)
1714 - Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (d. 1795)
1730 - Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar (d. 1786)
1746 - Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
1765 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1841)
1785 - King Louis XVII of France (d. 1795)
1797 - Alfred de Vigny, French author (d. 1863)
1809 - Baron Haussmann, French civic planner (d. 1891)
1810 - William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar (d. 1886)
1813 - Nathaniel Currier, American illustrator (d. 1888)
1817 - Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891)
1845 - Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
1847 - Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
1851 - Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher (d. 1931)
1857 - Karl Pearson, English statistician (d. 1936)
1860 - Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (d. 1924)
1863 - Sir Henry Royce, English automobile pioneer (d. 1933)
1869 - James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
1871 - Heinrich Mann, German writer (d. 1950)
1883 - Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (d. 1980)
1886 - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (d. 1969)
1892 - Ferde Grofé, American composer (d. 1972)
1893 - Karl Mannheim, Hungarian sociologist (d. 1947)
1899 - Gloria Swanson, American actress (d. 1983)
1901 - Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000)
1901 - Sasaki Naojiro, Japanese author (d. 1943)
1901 - Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (d. 1963)
1901 - Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1975)
1901 - Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (d. 1971)
1905 - Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)
1906 - Pee Wee Russell, American musician (d. 1969)
1909 - Golo Mann, German historian (d. 1994)
1911 - Erich Heller, British philosopher, long resident in the U.S. (d. 1990)
1912 - James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
1913 - Theodor Dannecker, SS officer (d. 1945)
1914 - Richard Denning, American actor (d. 1998)
1914 - Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter and novelist
1915 - Junior Lockwood, American musician
1917 - Cyrus Vance, American politician (d. 2002)
1921 - Harold Nicholas, American dancer (d. 2000)
1922 - Stefan Wul, French author (d. 2003)
1923 - Endo Shusaku, Japanese author (d. 1996)
1923 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
1924 - Sarah Vaughan, American singer (d. 1990)
1927 - Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor
1931 - David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
1935 - Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer
1935 - Julian Glover, British actor
1939 - Cale Yarborough, American race car driver
1941 - Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia
1942 - John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1942 - Michael York, English actor
1947 - Alan Belk, Canadian philosopher
1947 - Brian Jones, British balloonist
1949 - Leigh Steinberg, American sports agent
1950 - Tony Banks, English musician (Genesis)
1952 - Maria Schneider, French actress
1956 - Leung Kwok Hung, Hong Kong activist
1957 - Nick Hawkins, British politician
1959 - Andrew Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
1959 - neta moran, israelin actress
1960 - Hans Pflügler, former German footballer
1961 - Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B'z)
1962 - Jann Arden, Canadian musician
1963 - Quentin Tarantino, American director, writer, and producer
1963 - Xuxa, Brazilian television personality
1966 - Paula Trickey, American actress
1967 - Talisa Soto, American actress
1968 - Sandra Hess, Swiss-born actress and model
1969 - Keith Flint, member of British group The Prodigy
1970 - Mariah Carey, American singer
1970 - Princess Leila of Iran (d. 2001)
1970 - Brendan Hill, British drummer (Blues Traveler)
1971 - David Coulthard, Scottish race car driver
1971 - Nathan Fillion, Canadian actor
1972 - Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer
1974 - Gaizka Mendieta, Spanish footballer
1975 - Stacy "Fergie" Ferguson, American musician (Black Eyed Peas)
1981 - Terry McFlynn, Irish footballer
1985 - Caroline Winberg, Swedish supermodel
1986 - Valerie "So Cal Val" Wyndham, American professional wrestling valet
1988 - Brenda Song, American actress
1995 - Taylor Atelian, American actress

Deaths

1191 - Pope Clement III
1350 - King Alfonso XI of Castile (b. 1312)
1378 - Pope Gregory XI
1462 - Vasili II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1415)
1482 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1457)
1555 - William Hunter, protestant martyr
1572 - Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)
1625 - King James I of England and Ireland, James VI of Scotland (b. 1566)
1635 - Robert Naunton, English politician (b. 1563)
1697 - Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1603)
1757 - Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (b. 1717)
1770 - Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian artist (b. 1696)
1809 - Joseph-Marie Vien, French painter (b. 1716)
1827 - François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, French social reformer (b. 1747)
1836 - James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (b. 1804)
1843 - Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
1849 - Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford (b. 1776)
1850 - Wilhelm Beer, German astronomer (b. 1797)
1864 - Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
1865 - Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
1873 - Amedée Simon Dominique Thierry, French journalist and historian (b. 1797)
1875 - Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
1878 - Sir George Gilbert Scott, English architect (b. 1811)
1889 - John Bright, English statesman (b. 1811)
1910 - Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, American scientist and engineer (b. 1835)
1918 - Henry Adams, American historian (b. 1838)
1923 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
1924 - Walter Parratt, English composer (b. 1841)
1926 - Georges Vézina, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
1927 - Joe Start, baseball player (b. 1842)
1931 - Arnold Bennett, British novelist (b. 1867)
1940 - Michael Joseph Savage, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1872)
1967 - Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
1967 - Jim Thompson, American designer (disappeared) (b. 1906)
1968 - Yuri Gagarin, cosmonaut (b. 1934)
1969 - B. Traven, German writer
1972 - Sharkey Bonano, American musician (b. 1904)
1972 - M.C. Escher, Dutch artist (b. 1898)
1977 - A. P. Hamann, American politician
1977 - Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936)
1981 - Mao Dun, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
1989 - May Allison, American actress (b. 1890)
1989 - Jack Starrett, American actor and director (b. 1936)
1991 - Ralph Bates, British actor (b. 1940)
1991 - Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
1992 - Easley Blackwood, American bridge player (b. 1903)
1993 - Paul László, Hungarian interior designer and architect (b. 1900)
1998 - David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917)
1998 - Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile manufacturer (b. 1909)
2000 - Ian Dury, English musician (b. 1942)
2002 - Milton Berle, American actor and comedian (b. 1908)
2002 - Dudley Moore, British actor, musician, and composer (b. 1935)
2002 - Billy Wilder, American director (b. 1906)
2003 - Daniel Ceccaldi, French actor (b. 1927)
2003 - Ricardo Munguia, Salvadoran aid worker
2003 - Paul Zindel, American writer (b. 1936)
2005 - Bob Casey, baseball announcer (b. 1925)
2006 - Stanisław Lem, Polish writer (b. 1921)
2006 - Dan Curtis, American television producer and director (b. 1928)
2006 - Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan (b. 1924)

Events

1513 - (not 1512 as often cited) - Explorer Juan Ponce de León sights North America (specifically Florida) for the first time, mistaking it for another island.
1625 - Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.
1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1794 - The government of the United States establishes a permanent United States Navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
1794 - Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
1814 - War of 1812: In central Alabama, United States forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1836 - Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre - Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas.
1846 - Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas.
1851 - First reported case of Europeans seeing Yosemite Valley.
1854 - Crimean War: United Kingdom declares war on Russia.
1868 - The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
1871 - First international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1918 - Moldova and Bessarabia annexed to Romania.
1923 - FART construction completed.
1938 - Battle of Tai er zhuang.
1942 - World War II: United Kingdom forces raid the U-boat base at St. Nazaire, France.
1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
1963 - Dr Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network. See Beeching axe.
1964 - The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
1969 - Mariner 7 is launched.
1976 - The first 4.6 miles of the Washington, DC subway system is opened.
1977 - Tenerife disaster: Two jumbo jets collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583.
1980 - The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
1980 - Silver Thursday market crash.
1986 - Car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer, Angela Taylor, and injuring 21 people.
1988 - Moudud Ahmed becomes Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
1990 - Propaganda: The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba.
1993 - Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China.
1993 - Albert Zafy becomes President of Madagascar.
1993 - Mahamane Ousmane becomes President of Niger.
1994 - One of the biggest tornado outbreaks in recent memory hits the Southeastern United States. One tornado slams into a church in Piedmont, Alabama during Palm Sunday services killing 20 and injuring 90.
2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
2006 - The UN Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.

Holidays

Angolan Victory Day.
World Theatre Day
Feast day of Rupert of Salzburg in the Roman Catholic Church.
St. John of Egypt
St. Augusta
St. Lydia
     
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