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Daily Trivia - May 30

Births

1010 - Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
1423 - Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)
1623 - John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)
1672 (O.S.) - Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
1718 - Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)
1719 - Roger Newdigate, English politician (d. 1806)
1814 - Michael Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
1814 - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)
1858 - Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)
1879 - Colin Blythe, English cricketer (d. 1917)
1881 - Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
1882 - Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (d. 1915)
1895 - Maurice Tate, English cricketer (d. 1956)
1896 - Howard Hawks, American film director (d. 1977)
1899 - Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
1901 - Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979)
1902 - Stepin Fetchit, American dancer and actor (d. 1985)
1906 - Bruno Gröning, a faith healer in Germany (d. 1959)
1908 - Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
1908 - Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989)
1909 - Benny Goodman, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 1986)
1910 - Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
1912 - Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1912 - Erich Bagge, German physicist
1912 - Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (d. 1980)
1918 - Guadalupe "Pita" Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
1920 - Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
1920 - Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989)
1922 - Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
1926 - Christine Jorgensen, activist (d. 1989)
1927 - Clint Walker, American actor
1928 - Agnès Varda, French director
1934 - Aleksei Leonov, cosmonaut
1936 - Keir Dullea, American actor
1939 - Michael J. Pollard, American actor
1943 - James Chaney, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
1943 - Gale Sayers, American football player
1944 - Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
1947 - Vashti Murphy McKenzie, bishop
1951 - Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
1951 - Zdravko Čolić, Bosnian singer
1953 - Colm Meaney, Irish actor
1955 - Topper Headon, British musician (The Clash)
1958 - Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (Roxette)
1961 - Harry Enfield, British comedian
1964 - Wynonna Judd, American singer
1964 - Tom Morello, American musician (Audioslave, Rage Against The Machine)
1966 - Stephen Malkmus, American musician (Pavement)
1971 - Idina Menzel, American actress and singer
1972 - Manny Ramirez, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1973 - Leigh Francis, British comedian
1974 - Cee-Lo, American musician
1977 - Rachael Stirling, British actress
1979 - Rie Kugimiya, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
1980 - Steven Gerrard, English footballer
1981 - Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter

Deaths

1159 - Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
1252 - King Ferdinand III of Castile
1416 - Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
1431 - Joan of Arc, French peasant girl that joined the French royal army, heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
1434 - Prokop the Great, Hussite general
1469 - Lope de Barrientos —a powerful bishop in Castile
1574 - King Charles IX of France (b. 1550)
1576 - Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai
1593 - Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
1640 - Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
1696 - Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1638)
1718 - Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Dutch favorite of William III of England (b. 1670)
1730 - Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1648)
1744 - Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
1770 - François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
1778 - Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
1865 - John Catron, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
1868 - Souji Okita, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1823
1901 - Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)
1912 - Wilbur Wright, Aviation pioneer (Wright Brothers) (b. 1867)
1925 - Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (b. 1876)
1926 - Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
1934 - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
1941 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
1951 - Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
1953 - Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
1955 - Bill Vukovich, Auto racer, killed during 1955 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1918)
1960 - Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
1961 - Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891)
1964 - Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born nuclear physicist (b. 1898)
1964 - Eddie Sachs, American auto racer, killed during 1964 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1927)
1967 - Claude Rains, English actor (b. 1889)
1971 - Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (b. 1886)
1975 - Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
1975 - Michel Simon, French actor (b. 1895)
1980 - Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
1986 - Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
1993 - Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
2000 - Tex Beneke, American bandleader, singer, and saxophone player (b. 1914)
2003 - Mickie Most, English musician (b. 1938)
2005 - Tomasz Pacyński, Polish writer (b. 1958)
2006 - Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)

Events

1416 - The Roman Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy.
1431 - In Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. May 30 is now her feast day as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
1434 - Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great were defeated and almost annihilated in the Battle of Lipany, effectively ending the Hussite Wars.
1536 - King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
1539 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
1574 - Henry III becomes King of France.
1588 - The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
1635 - Peace of Prague (1635) (30 Years War).
1806 - Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after the man had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy.
1814 - The First Treaty of Paris is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon I of France is exiled to Elba on the same day.
1854 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
1868 - Memorial Day (then known as "Decoration Day") is observed in the United States for the first time (it was proclaimed on May 5 by General John A. Logan).
1871 - The Paris Commune falls.
1876 - Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
1879 - New York City's Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
1879 - An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
1883 - In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
1911 - At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race in his Marmon Wasp.
1913 - First Balkan War: A peace treaty is signed in London ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
1914 - New & then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1922 - In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
1935 - Babe Ruth plays in his last baseball game, in the uniform of the Boston Braves.
1941 - World War II: Germany captures Crete.
1942 - World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
1948 - A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
1958 - The bodies of several unidentified soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
1967 - At the Ascot Speedway in Gardena, California, daredevil Evel Knievel jumps his motorcycle over 16 cars lined-up in a row.
1967 - The Nigerian state of Biafra secedes, sparking a civil war.
1969 - Riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao
1970 - Jimi Hendrix plays at Berkeley Community Theatre one of the last live performances before his death.
1971 - Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched toward Mars.
1972 - The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
1972 - In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
1975 - Bob Watson, of the Houston Astros scores the 1,000,000th run in baseball history.
1982 - Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany's admission in 1955.
1989 - Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
1998 - A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
2003 - The final flight of an Air France Concorde takes place.

Holidays

Trinidad and Tobago – Indian Arrival Day(National Holiday).
Peru – National Potato Day [1].
United States – Memorial Day (originally – currently last Monday in May).
Saint Ferdinand III
Saint Gabinus
Saint Jeanne d'Arc
Saint Reinhilde
     
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