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Daily Trivia - November 28

Births

1489 - Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
1570 - James Whitelocke, English judge (d. 1632)
1598 - Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (d. 1667)
1628 - John Bunyan, English cleric and author (d. 1688)
1632 - Jean-Baptiste Lully, French composer (d. 1687)
1640 - Willem de Vlamingh, Flemish sea captain
1661 - Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
1681 - Jean Cavalier, French protestant rebel leader (d. 1740)
1700 - Nathaniel Bliss, Astronomer Royal (d. 1764)
1757 - William Blake, British poet and artist (d. 1827)
1772 - Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)
1785 - Achille Charles Léon Victor, duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (d. 1870)
1792 - Victor Cousin, French philosopher (d. 1867)
1793 - Carl Jonas Love Almqvist, Swedish romantic poet (d. 1866)
1805 - John Stephens, American archeologist (d. 1852)
1810 - William Froude, British engineer and naval architect (d. 1879)
1820 - Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (d. 1895)
1821 - Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov, Russian poet (d. 1878)
1829 - Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer, pianist, and conductor (d. 1894)
1837 - John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor of celluloid (d. 1920)
1853 - Helen Magill White, first American woman to earn a Ph.D. (d. 1944)
1864 - James Allen English writer (d. 1912)
1864 - Lindley M. Garrison, American lawyer, U.S. Secretary of War from 1913 through 1916 (d. 1932)
1866 - Henry Bacon, American architect (d. 1924)
1881 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (d. 1942)
1887 - Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (d. 1934)
1895 - José Iturbi, Spanish pianist (d. 1980)
1896 - Lilia Skala, Austrian actress (d. 1994)
1904 - Nancy Mitford, British essayist and satirist (d. 1973)
1904 - James Eastland, American politician
1907 - Alberto Moravia, Italian writer (d. 1990)
1908 - Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
1915 - Evald Okas, Estonian painter
1916 - Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium (d. 2002)
1925 - Gloria Grahame, American actress (d. 1981)
1925 - József Bozsik, Hungarian international footballer (d. 1978)
1927 - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (d. 1992)
1929 - Berry Gordy Jr., American record company owner and founder of Motown
1931 - Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
1931 - Tomi Ungerer, French graphic artist, and author
1933 - Joe Knollenberg, U.S Congressman from Michigan
1936 - Gary Hart, American politician
1941 - Laura Antonelli, Italian actress
1942 - Paul Warfield, American football player
1943 - Randy Newman, American composer and musician
1949 - Alexander Godunov, Russian composer and ballet dancer (d. 1995)
1949 - Paul Shaffer, Canadian orchestra leader and musician
1950 - Ed Harris, American actor
1950 - Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
1952 - S. Epatha Merkerson, American actress
1955 - Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
1957 - David Van Day, British singer (Dollar)
1958 - Dave Righetti, American baseball player
1959 - Judd Nelson, American actor
1961 - Martin Clunes, British actor
1961 - Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director
1961 - Jane Sibbett, American actress
1962 - Jon Stewart, American comedian, actor, and television host
1963 - Walt Weiss, American baseball player
1964 - Cornelia Guest, American debutante
1965 - Erwin Mortier, Belgian author
1965 - Matt Williams, baseball player
1966 - Sam Seder, American comedian
1967 - Anna Nicole Smith, American model and television personality
1967 - Stephnie Weir, American actress and comedienne
1968 - Dawn Robinson, R&B singer (En Vogue)
1969 - Robb Nen, American baseball player
1969 - Lexington Steele (Clifton Britt), American adult film actor
1973 - Jade Puget, guitarist, (AFI)
1973 - Rob Conway, American professional wrestler
1974 - András Tölcséres, Hungarian footballer
1974 - Styles P (David Styles), American rapper
1977 - DeMya Walker, American basketball player
1978 - Freddie Mitchell, American football player
1978 - Mehdi Nafti, Tunisian footballer
1979 - Chamillionaire (Hakeem Seriki), American rapper
1979 - Joel Maximo (Kelvin Ramirez), American professional wrestler
1979 - Daniel Henney, Korean model-actor
1980 - Stuart Taylor, British footballer
1982 - Leandro Barbosa, Brazilian basketball player
1984 - Andrew Bogut, Australian basketball player
1988 - Scarlett Pomers, American actress

Deaths

741 - St. Gregory III
1170 - Owain Gwynedd, Prince of Gwynedd
1262 - Shinran, Japanese religious leader (b. 1173)
1290 - Eleanor of Castile, Queen of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
1574 - Georg Major, German protestant theologian (b. 1502)
1585 - Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
1667 - Jean de Thévenot, French traveller and scientist (b. 1633)
1675 - Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier
1675 - Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
1680 - Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (b. 1598)
1680 - Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1606)
1694 - Matsuo Basho, Japanese poet (b. 1644)
1695 - Giovanni Paolo Colonna, Italian composer
1695 - Anthony Wood, English antiquarian (b. 1632)
1698 - Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (b. 1622)
1794 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer (b. 1730)
1801 - Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
1815 - Johann Peter Salomon, German violinist, impresario, and composer (d. 1745)
1859 - Washington Irving, American writer (b. 1783)
1870 - Frédéric Bazille, French painter (b. 1841)
1872 - Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
1878 - Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
1907 - Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
1912 - Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon (b. 1870)
1915 - Mubarak Al-Sabah "The Great", Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
1921 - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1844)
1935 - Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
1939 - James Naismith, Canadian creator of basketball (b. 1861)
1945 - Dwight F. Davis, U.S. Secretary of War and donor of the Davis cup (b. 1879)
1954 - Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
1960 - Richard Wright, American author (b. 1908)
1962 - Queen Mother Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1880)
1963 - Karyn Kupcinet, American actress (b. 1941)
1968 - Enid Blyton, British children's author (b. 1897)
1972 - Havergal Brian, British composer (b. 1875)
1973 - Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (b. 1886)
1976 - Rosalind Russell, American actress (b. 1907)
1977 - Trevor Bardette, American actor (b. 1902)
1983 - Christopher George, American actor (b. 1929)
1986 - Herb Vigran, American actor (b. 1910)
1987 - Choh Hao Li, Chinese biochemist (b. 1913)
1992 - Sidney Nolan, Australian painter (b. 1917)
1994 - Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (b. 1960)
1994 - Jerry Rubin, American activist (b. 1938)
2000 - Liane Haid, Austrian actress (b. 1895)
2001 - William Kienzle, American author (b. 1928)
2003 - Antonia Forest, British children's author (b. 1915)

Events

1095 - On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appoints Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
1443 - Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja, in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
1520 - After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
1582 - In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage licence.
1660 - At Gresham College, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society.
1729 - Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez.
1785 - The Treaty of Hopewell is signed
1821 - Panama Independence Day. Panama separates from Spain and joins the Great Colombia.
1843 - Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
1862 - American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke's Confederates.
1895 - The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
1905 - Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party whose goal is the independence of Ireland.
1907 - In Haverhill, Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.
1912 - Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
1914 - World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
1919 - Lady Astor is elected to be the first female member of parliament in the UK.
1920 - The Mark of Zorro, starring Douglas Fairbanks opens.
1925 - Country-variety show Grand Ole Opry makes its radio debut on station WSM.
1942 - In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 491 people.
1943 - World War II: Tehran Conference - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy.
1944 - Albania is liberated by the Albanian partisans.
1958 - Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
1960 - Mauritania becomes independent of France.
1964 - Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
1964 - Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that US President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
1965 - Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
1969 - The final episode of BBC soap-opera The Newcomers is broadcast.
1969 - The Rolling Stones release the album Let It Bleed.
1975 - East Timor declares its independence from Portugal.
1975 - As the World Turns and The Edge of Night, the final two American soap operas that had resisted going to pre-taped broadcasts, air their last live episodes.
1979 - The Mount Erebus disaster: an Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount Erebus on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.
1979 - Billy Smith becomes the first goalie in NHL history to score a goal in a game.
1980 - Mark Morris, choreographer, puts on the Mark Morris Dance Group's first show at the Merce Cunningham Studios.
1982 - Representatives from 88 countries gather in Geneva to discuss world trade and ways to work toward aspects of free trade.
1984 - Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made honorary citizens of the United States.
1987 - South African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on-board.
1987 - Tawana Brawley is allegedly raped by six white men, some of them police officers, in Wappingers Falls, New York.
1989 - Cold War: Velvet Revolution - In the face of protests, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly on political power.
1990 - Margaret Thatcher formally tenders her resignation to The Queen and leaves Downing Street for the last time. John Major is elected her successor.
1994 - Voters in Norway reject European Union membership (see Norwegian EU referendum, 1994).
1994 - In Portage, Wisconsin, convicted serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional Institute gymnasium.
1995 - U.S. President Bill Clinton signs a highway bill that ends the federal 55 mph speed limit.
1997 - Kosovo Liberation Army, Albanian guerrilla group fighting for freedom of Kosovo, presents in front of the people of Kosovo.
2000 - Ukrainian politician Oleksander Moroz begins the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.
2000 - The eighth tar drop falls in the University of Queensland pitch drop experiment.
2002 - 13 people are killed in a hotel bombing in Mombasa.
2004 - Male Po'o-uli dies of avian malaria in Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda before it could breed, making the species most in all probability extinct.
2005 - The Official Opposition (Conservative Party of Canada , New Democratic Party, and Bloc Québécois) bring down the 38th Minority Liberal Government of Canada in a vote of non-confidence forcing immediate campaigning for the 39th Federal Election.

Holidays

R.C. Saints - Pope Gregory III
Also see November 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Bahá'í Faith: Holy Day - Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá
Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii: Feast of the Holy Sovereigns in honor of the founders of the Anglican Church of Hawaii
Albania - Albanian Independence day (from Turkey, 1912); also known as Albanian Flag Day due to other National events that correspond to this day
Mauritania - Independence Day (from France, 1960)
     
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